On December 4, 2018, Iran's superb chief Ali Khamenei requested the Majlis (Iran's parliament) to accurate its current invoice on retirees announcing, "There are some gaps within the regulation which must be addressed." despite the fact that he stressed on the need and significance of the "No Retirees law," he said it had to be changed after a few officers asked him to permit a number of retired managers to be reinstated.
the rule of thumb became accredited by way of parliament in September 2018 and banned retirees from being re-employed within the public zone. As soon as the law came into effect, several senior officers, which include deputy ministers, were changed with the aid of more youthful officers. However the ban did no longer observe to the country's president, the parliament's speaker and vice-speakers, members of the mother or father Council, chief of the judiciary, ministers, legislators and vice-presidents.
"this is a very good law. We wanted this law," Ali Khamenei instructed the general public, including "it breaks Iran's closed circle of administration and opens up the direction for the more youthful generation after a long time." He, however, criticized the Majlis and asked its participants to ratify the amendment. "To take this law as a whole is not accurate. There might be some people, maybe now not too many, for whom there can be no substitutes." Khamenei introduced.
The regulation in question crossed all criminal hurdles and changed into applied in spite of protests from contemporary officials, lots of whom had been tormented by the new rule in spite of lengthy years in service. It become confirmed by way of the mother or father Council, a frame appointed by the very best leader that oversees the functioning of the Majlis and interprets the charter, among others. The council, authorities and the parliament had now not taken any objections into consideration previously. Following Khamenei's public speech, but, the Majlis right now announced that the law would be reviewed and amended.
not the first time
This isn't always the primary time that the Islamic Republic's ideal leader has bypassed all felony channels and imposed his command on bodies along with parliament, which is primarily based at the mandate of the human beings and which, consistent with the constitution, is the best body legal to ratify payments.
over the past four many years and in severa occasions, both Khamenei and his predecessor, Khomeini, have without delay interfered with legal guidelines, ignoring legislative strategies inside the Islamic Republic's structure.
In August 2000, as an instance, when reformist MPs tried to undertake the press law and open up the media in Iran, Ali Khamenei prevented the circulate via sending a letter to Mehdi Karroubi, who became the speaker of parliament on the time. In his letter, he stated MPs need to live far from the law and as a result, the Majlis did now not amend the guideline no matter the majority's willingness to achieve this.
In 2006, Khamenei changed the constitution's article forty four, which involved the privatization of Iran's economy.
in keeping with Iranian law, converting the constitution may be achieved handiest by means of a referendum. In 2009, the ideal chief disregarded former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's deputy Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, forcing him to employ someone else. He also did no longer permit MPs to question the president in 2012.
And as an ongoing, however unwritten coverage in Iran, presidents must first get the ideal leader's approval at the appointment of ministers. But, the law demands that parliament need to approve ministers named by way of president.
Above the entirety else
The supreme leader's instructions are not limited to our bodies and places of work that are based totally on public vote inclusive of parliament and presidents. In some cases, he has vetoed the choices of non-elective our bodies as nicely. All through the 2005 presidential elections, for instance, the guardian Council disqualified six applicants close to reformists however later, two of them were authorised by using Ali Khamenei himself.
It seems that even though the function of parliament is enshrined in Iran's charter, in truth, MPs need to recall the best chief's perspective above anything else. This rule applies to all sections, starting from foreign policy to the us of a's judicial gadget. It doesn't remember whether or not the officials were elected via humans or appointed by means of him, the leader's commands come first.
throughout the Iran nuclear deal negotiations, it was clear to all that regardless of the overseas minister or the president stated might be valid handiest when the supreme leader confirmed it. The deal itself have become reliable in Iran only after his approval. The equal is the case with local policy as properly. It does now not honestly depend what the foreign minister, the president or the individuals of parliament suppose.
As is being stated within the Islamic Republic, "He has the final say." In other phrases, the ideal leader is above anybody and everything.